Utilizad este identificador para citar o enlazar este documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2072/48073

The political ecology of Jatropha plantations for biodiesel in Tamil Nadu, India
Ariza Montobbio, Pere; Lele, Sharachchandra; Kallis, Giorgos; Martínez Alier, Joan
Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals; Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Jatropha curcas is promoted internationally for its presumed agronomic viability in marginal lands, economic returns for small farmers, and lack of competition with food crops. However, empirical results from a study in southern India revealed that Jatropha cultivation, even on agricultural lands, is neither profitable, nor pro-poor. We use a political ecology framework to analyze both the discourse promoting Jatropha cultivation and its empirical consequences. We deconstruct the shaky premises of the dominant discourse of Jatropha as a “pro-poor” and “pro-wasteland” development crop, a discourse that paints a win-win picture between poverty alleviation, natural resource regeneration, and energy security goals. We then draw from field-work on Jatropha plantations in the state of Tamil Nadu to show how Jatropha cultivation favors resource-rich farmers, while possibly reinforcing existing processes of marginalization of small and marginal farmers.
08-04-2010
504 - Ciències del medi ambient
Biodièsels -- Índia
Conreus energètics -- Índia
Política del medi ambient -- Aspectes econòmics -- Índia
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Working Papers on Environmental Sciences;
         

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